Geometric Non-Linear Problems in Statics (Master’s)

This master’s level module is designed to provide an introduction to the broad subject area of geometric non-linear theory, with particular reference to beam and plate structures, and the concomitant fundamentals of the continuum mechanics.

A detailed introduction to 2nd order theory for in-plane loaded beam systems is followed by a study of the spatially loaded beam (subjected to axial deformation, bi-axial bending and torsion). The example of a finite element formulation of a 3D beam element with geometric non-linearity is used to demonstrate the practical application of the theory and the management of instability phenomena. Two additional problem classes on the geometric non-linear theory are considered in the form of linearised plate buckling and the snap-through buckling. The fundamental theoretical principles of geometric non-linear theory are presented in the form of a compact introduction to continuum mechanics. This involves the definition of strain tensors as quadratic strain measures in conjunction with large displacements and rotations and are placed in relation to the work-conform stresses. The links between the non-linear geometric approach and instability phenomena are explained theoretically and on the basis of computational examples in conjunction with beam and shell models. The solution methods for geometric non-linear problems are taught with reference to classic solution methods (Newton-Raphson) and using the example of a path tracing procedure.

All numerical example exercises are performed using MATLAB® or ANSYS®. Students learn how to solve geometric non-linear problems with the use of finite element based software and computer algebra systems.

Schematic representation of a classic snap-through problem.
Schematic representation of a classic snap-through problem.
Sketch of the 3D continuum in deformed and non-deformed configuration.
The 3D continuum in deformed and non-deformed configuration.

At a Glance

  • Introduction: Defining the subject in Non-Linear Statics
  • The Beam Model According to the Theory of the 2nd Order: Stability factors, geometric non-linear beam stiffness matrices – precise solutions and finite element formulation; iterative solutions with MATLAB / ANSYS
  • Finite rotations in 3D continuum: mathematical description of the rotation, finite and moderate rotation angle
  • Geometric Non-linearity in 3D frame systems: spatially loaded beam, differential equations, free torsion / warping torsion; instability cases - treatment in compliance with Eurocode 3
  • Plate buckling: the Kirchhoff plate theory by 2nd order theory; lateral-torsional buckling as a spatial instability problem
  • The snap-through problem: analytical MATLAB solution; the snap-through buckling as a kinetic problem
  • Elementary continuum mechanics: Defining the configurations, geometric deformations, non-linear kinematics for large deflections and rotations, strain tensors and stress tensors
  • Stability problems and path tracing methods: the bifurcation of equilibrium, stable and non-stable equilibrium states, bifurcation problems with ANSYS, path tracing procedures for solving non-linear problems

Dates and Rooms

Lecture  
Lecturer: PD Dr.-Ing. habil.
Evgueni Stanoev
Date: Summer Semester 2021
Exercise         
Lecturer: PD Dr.-Ing. habil.
Evgueni Stanoev
Date: Summer Semester 2021

This module is taught in German.

Course documentation and task sheets for the exercises can be downloaded from Stud.IP.

Additional up-to-date information about the courses of this module can be found at the LSF (lecture, exercise).

You'll find this module in Stud.IP and in the LSF under Course No. 21550.

Overview of the lectures